Sherira Gaon

   Babylonian gaon. He was gaon of Pumbedita (968-98) in succession to his father, Hanina, and his grandfather, Judah. With his son Hai Gaon, Sherira maintained contact by means of responsa, with Jews in North Africa, Spain and elsewhere. In an important epistle in response to an inquiry from Kairouan, he described the origins of the Mishnah and the Talmud and the traditions of the sevoraim and the geonim. He also wrote commentaries on the Bible and talmudic tractates. During the last years of his life he was imprisoned by the caliph Kadir.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • Sherira Gaon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gaon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sherira Gaon — Rav Sherira Gaon (Hebrew: רב שרירא גאון) was the head of the yeshiva in Pumbeditha. He wrote the Iggeret Rav Sherira Gaon , a comprehensive history of the composition of the Talmud. One of the most prominent Geonim of his period, he was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Sherira Gaon — Rab Scherira Gaon (Hebr.: רב שרירא גאון) war ein Rabbiner und gleichzeitig ein prominenter jüdischer Philosoph und Exeget. Er war das Oberhaupt der babylonischen Akademien des 10. Jahrhunderts in Pumbedita. Sein Hauptwerk war das Iggeret Rav… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gaon — (hebr.: גאון, Herrlichkeit, Plural: Geonim/גאונים) ist ursprünglich der Titel der als Talmudinterpreten bekannten Oberhäupter der jüdischen Akademien in Babylonien im siebten bis elften Jahrhundert nach Christus. Er wird aber auch später noch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gaon — (homonymie) Gaon est un nom en hébreu ou en assamais. Sommaire 1 Gaon comme nom hébreu, titre et patronyme juif 1.1 Titre honorifique 1.2 Patronyme 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gaon (homonymie) — Gaon est un nom propre ou un nom commun qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Gaon comme nom, titre et patronyme juif 1.1 Nom commun 1.2 Titre honorifique 1.3 P …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gaon (Hebrew) — Gaon ( Pride [of] ; Late medieval and modern Hebrew for genius ) may refer to:* One of the Geonim, that is to say the heads of the two major academies, at Pumbedita and Sura, and later in Baghdad, during the period 589 1040. Prominent Geonim are …   Wikipedia

  • GAON — (pl. Geonim), formal title of the heads of the academies of Sura and Pumbedita in Babylonia. The geonim were recognized by the Jews as the highest authority of instruction from the end of the sixth century or somewhat later to the middle of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SHERIRA BEN ḤANINA GAON — (c. 906–1006), gaon of Pumbedita from 968–1006. Sherira belonged to the family of the exilarchs, who claimed descent from David. His teachers were his father R. Ḥanina and his grandfather R. Judah, both of whom he mentions frequently in his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gaon — Gaon, 1) (hebr., Herrlichkeit), Amtstitel der religiösen Oberhäupter u. Präsidenten der jüdischen Akademien in Babylonien, vom 7. Jahrh. bis 1040. Die letzten u. berühmtesten Gaonim waren Saadia, Sherira u. Hai; später wurde dieser Titel oft… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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